These leisure activities reduce the risk of dementia
Read books, do yoga, and spend time with family and friends recreational activities may help reduce the risk of dementia, according to a new meta-analysis published in Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, which reviewed available studies on the effects of cognitive, physical and social activities and the risk of dementia. . ,
“Previous studies have shown that leisure activities are associated with various health benefits, such as reduced cancer risk, decreased atrial fibrillation, and individualized perceptions of one’s own well-being. However, on the role of leisure activities in preventing dementia. There is conflicting evidence. Our research found that leisure activities such as crafts, sports or volunteering were associated with a lower risk of dementia,” said study author Dr Lin Lu, of Sixth Hospital of Peking University, China.
The meta-analysis reviewed 38 studies from around the world, which included more than two million people who did not have dementia. Participants who were followed for at least three years provided information about their leisure activities (mental, physical and social activities) through questionnaires or interviews.
During the study, 74,700 people developed dementia. After adjusting for factors such as age, gender and education, the researchers found that those who participated in leisure activities had a greater 17% lower risk of developing dementia compared to those who did not.
Mental recreation includes read or write for pleasureWatch TV, listen to the radio, play a game or musical instrument, use a computer, and do crafts. The researchers found that the risk of dementia was 23% lower in these people.
physical activities include walk, run, swim, cycle, use exercise machines, play sports, do yoga and dance. The risk of dementia was 17% lower in those who participated in these activities.
Finally, social activities mainly refer to those that involve communicating with others and attending a class, joining a social club, volunteering, find family or friends Or participate in religious activities. Practicing them meant reducing the risk of dementia by 7%.
“This meta-analysis suggests that there are benefits to being active and that there are many activities that are easy to incorporate into daily life that can benefit the brain. Our research has shown that leisure activities can reduce the risk of dementia. “Future studies should include larger sample sizes and longer follow-up times to reveal more associations between leisure activities and dementia,” Lu said.